Как самоуправление влияет на процесс постановки целей
Нек К., Нури Х., Гудвин Д.

Аннотация

В этой работе рассматривается участие индивидов в процессе постановки целей (PGS) с точки зрения социальной когнитивной теории (SCT). Именно такой, основанный на когнитивности, подход с точки зрения самоуправления и предлагается как механизм усовершенствования PGS-процессов и достижения эффективного заинтересованного поведения. Катализаторами эмпирической проверки применимости самоуправления в процессе постановки целей служат предложения, описанные в этой работе.

Содержание

Социальная когнитивная теория;

Организационная среда;

Сотрудники организации;

Комплексная модель процесса постановки целей

с участием исполнителей;

Теоретические и практические результаты;

Журнал: «Менеджмент-дайджест» — №4, 2004 (© Издательский дом Гребенников)
Объем в страницах: 15.
Кол-во знаков: около 36,498.

1. Andrasik, F. , Heimberg, J. S. (1982). «Self-management procedures. In L. W. Freder-ickson (Ed.)». Handbook of organizational behavior management (pp. 219–247). New York: Wiley.

2. Baker, S. B., Johnson, E., Kopala, M., and Strout, N. J. (1985). «Test interpretation competence: A comparison of micro skills and mental practice training». Counselor Education and Supervision, 25, pp. 31–43.

3. Bandura, A. (1969). Principles of behavior modification. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

4. Bandura, A. (1977a). Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

5. Bandura, A. (1977b). «Self-efficacy: Towards a unifying theory of behavioral change». Psychological Review, 84, pp. 191–215.

6. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

7. Bass, B. M. (1990). Bass and Stogdill’s handbook of leadership. New York: Free Press.

8. Beck, A. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International Universities.

9. Boice, R. (1985). «Cognitive components of blocking. Written Communication», 2, pp. 91–104.

10. Bonadies, G. A., Bass, B. A. (1984). «Ef-fects of self-verbalizations upon emotional arousal and performance: A test of rational-emotive theory». Perceptual and Motor Skills, 59, pp. 939–948.

11. Brinberg, J. G., Snodgrass, C. (1988). «Culture and control: A field study». Accounting, Organizations and Society, 13, pp. 447–464.

12. Brownell, P. (1982). «Participation in budgeting process: When it works and when it doesn’t». Journal of Accounting Literature, 1, pp. 124–153

13. Brownell, P. , Hirst, M. (1986). «Reliance on accounting information, budgetary participation, and task uncertainty: Tests of a three-way interaction». Journal of Accounting Research, 24, pp. 241–249.

14. Brownell, P. , McInnes, M. (1986). «Budg-etary participation, motivation, and managerial performance». Accounting Review, 61, pp. 587–600.

15. Burns, D. D. (1980). Feeling good: The new mood therapy. New York: William Morrow.

16. Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper and Row.

17. Butler, P. E. (1981). Talking to yourself: Learning the language of self support. San Francisco: Harper and Row. Campbell, D. J., Gingrich, K. F. (1986). The interactive effects of task complexity and participation on task performance: A field experiment. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 38, pp. 162–180.

18. Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F. (1981). Attention and self-regulation: A control theory approach to human behavior. New York: Springer-Verlag.

19. Cherrington, D. J., Cherrington, J. O. (1973). «Appropriate reinforcement contingencies in the budgeting process». Journal of Accounting Research, 11, pp. 225–253.

20. Chow, C. W., Cooper, J. C., Waller, W. S. (1988). «Participative budgeting: Effects of a truth-inducing pay scheme and information asymmetry on slack and performance». Accounting Review, 63, pp. 111–122.

21. Coch, L., French, J. R. P. Jr. (1948). «Overcoming resistance to change». Human Relations, 2, pp. 512–532.

22. Collins, J. C., Porras, J. I. (1994). Built to last: Successful habits of visionary companies. New York: Harper-Collins.

23. Crowder, R. G. (1989). «Imagery for musical timbre». Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 15, pp. 477–478.

24. Davis, T. R. V., Luthans, F. (1980). «A social learning approach to organizational be-havior». Academy of Management Review, 5, pp. 281–290.

25. Delaney, J. T. , Huselid, M. A. (1996). «The impact of human resource management practices on perceptions of organizational performance». Academy of Management Journal, 39, pp. 949–969.

26. Ellis, A. (1962). Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. New York: Lyle Stuart.

27. Ellis, A. (1975). A new guide to rational living. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

28. Ellis, A. (1977). The basic clinical theory of rational-emotive therapy. New York: Springer. Erez, M., Arad, R. (1986). «Par-ticipation goal setting: Social motivational and cognitive factors». Journal of Applied Psychology, 71, pp. 591–597.

29. Feltz, D. L., Landers, D. M. (1983). «The effects of mental practice on motor skill learning and performance: A meta-analysis». Journal of Sport Psychology, 5, pp. 25–57.

30. Fiedler, E. F. (1967). A theory of leadership effectiveness. New York: McGraw-Hill.

31. Geertz, C. (1973). The interpretation of cultures. New York: Basic Books.

32. Godwin, J. L., Neck, C. P. , Houghton, J. D. (1999). «The impact of thought self-leadership on individual goal performance: A cognitive perspective». Journal of Management Development, 18, pp. 153–169.

33. Goldfried, M. R., Merbaum, M. (1973). Behavior change through self-control. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

34. Govindarajan, V. (1986). «Impact of participation in the budgetary process on managerial attitudes and performance: Univer-salistic and contingency perspectives». Decision Sciences, 17, pp. 496–516.

35. Hackman, J. R. (1986). The psychology of self-management in organizations. In M. S. Pollack, R. O. Perloff (Eds.), Psychology and work: Productivity change and employment (pp. 85–136). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

36. Harrell, T. H., Chambless, D. L., Calhoun, J. F. (1981). «Correlational relationships between self-statements and affective states». Cognitive Therapy and Research, 5, pp. 159–173.

37. Hazler, R. J., Hipple, T. E. (1981). «The effects of mental practice on counseling be-haviors». Counselor Education and Supervision, 20, pp. 211–218.

38. Hofstede, G. H. (1968). The game of budget control. London: Tavistock.

39. Horton, P. C. (1981). «Solace: The missing dimension in psychiatry». Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

40. House, R. J. (1971). «A path-goal theory of leader effectiveness». Administrative Science Quarterly, pp. 321–338.

41. Kendall, G., Hrycaiko, D., Martin, G. L., Kendall, T. (1990). «The effects of an imagery rehearsal, relaxation, and self-talk package on basketball game performance». Journal of Counseling Psychology, 12, pp. 263–271.

42. Kurpius, D. J., Benjamin, D., Morran, D. K. (1985). «Effects of teaching a cognitive strategy on counselor trainee internal dialogue and clinical hypothesis formulation». Journal of Counseling Psychology, 32, pp. 263–271.

43. Latham, G. P. , Saari, L. M. (1979). «Im-portance of supportive relationships in goal setting». Journal of Applied Psychology, 64, pp. 239–246.

44. Latham, G. P. , Winters, D. W. (1989). Separating the cognitive and motivational effects of participation on performance. Unpublished manuscript. Graduate School of Business, University of Washington.

45. Lawler, E. E. III. (1973). Motivation in work organizations. Brooks/Cole Publishing.

46. Lee, C. (1990). «Psyching up for a muscular endurance task: Effects of image content on performance and mood state». Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 12, pp. 66–73.

47. Locke, E. A., Latham, G. P. (1990). A theory of goal setting and task performance. Eng-lewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

48. Mahoney, M. J., Arnkoff, D. B. (1979). Self-management: Theory, research, and application. In J. P. Brady, D. Pomerleau (Eds.), Behavioral medicine: Theory and practice (pp. 75–96). Baltimore: Williams and Williams.

49. Mahoney, M. J., Avener, M. (1977). «Psy-chology of the elite athlete: An exploratory study». Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1, pp. 135–141.

50. Manz, C. C. (1983). The art of self leadership: Strategies for personal effectiveness in your life and work. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

51. Manz, C. C. (1986). «Self-leadership: Toward an expanded theory of self-influence processes in organizations». Academy of Management Review, 11, pp. 585–600.

52. Manz, C. C. (1992). Mastering self-leadership: Empowering yourself for personal excellence. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

53. Manz, C. C., Neck, C. P. (1991). «Inner leadership: Creating productive thought patterns». Academy of Management Executive, 5, pp. 87–95.

54. Manz, C. C., Neck, C. P. (1995). «Team-think: Beyond the groupthink syndrome in self-managing work teams». Journal of Management Psychology, 10, pp. 7–15.

55. Manz, C. C., Neck, C. P. (1999). Mastering self-leadership: Empowering yourself for personal excellence. (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

56. Manz, C. C., Sims, H. P. Jr. (1980). «Self-management as a substitute for leadership: A social learning theory per-spective». Academy of Management Review, 5, pp. 361–367.

57. Manz, C. C., Sims, H. P. Jr. (1989). Super-leadership: Leading others to lead themselves. New York: Prentice-Hall.

58. Marx, R. D. (1982). «Relapse prevention of managerial training: A model for maintenance of behavior change». Academy of Management Review, 7, pp. 433–441.

59. Meichenbaum, D., Goodman, J. (1971). «Training impulsive children to talk to themselves: A means of developing self-control». Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 77, pp. 115–126.

60. Melman, S. (1970). «Managerial vs. cooperative decision-making in Israel». Studies in Comparative International Development, 6.

61. Meyers, A. W., Cooke, C. J., Cullen, J., Lil-es, L. (1979). «Psychological aspects of athletic competitors: A replication across sports». Cognitive Therapy and Research, 3, pp. 361–366.

62. Mills, P. K. (1983). «Self-management: Its control and relationship to other organizational properties». Academy of Management Review, 8, pp. 445–453.

63. Morgan, G. (1986). Images of organization. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

64. Morran, D. K. (1986). «Relationship of counselor self-talk and hypothesis formulation to performance level». Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33, pp. 395–400.

65. Neck, C. P. (1996). Self-managing your mind: Mental strategies for internal auditors. Internal Auditor, pp. 60–66.

66. Neck, C. P. , Manz, C. C. (1992). «Thought self-leadership: The influence of self-talk and mental imagery on performance». Journal of Organizational Behavior, 13, pp. 631–699.

67. Neck, C. P. , Manz, C. C. (1994). From groupthink to team think: «Toward the creation of constructive thought patterns in self-managing work teams». Human Relations, 47, pp. 929–952.

68. Neck, C. P., Manz, C. C. (1996a). «Thought self-leadership: The impact of mental strategies training on employee behavior, cognition and emotion». Journal of Organizational Behavior, 17, pp. 445–467.

69. Neck, C. P. , Manz, C. C. (1996b). Total leadership quality: Integrating employee self-leadership and total quality management. In S. Ghosh, D. Fedor (Eds.), Advances in the management of organization quality, Vol. 1 (pp. 39–77). Greenwich, CN: JAI Press.

70. Neck, C. P. , Milliman, J. F. (1994). «Thought self-leadership: Finding spiritual fulfillment in organizational life». Journal of Managerial Psychology, 9, pp. 9–16.

71. Neck, C. P. , Smith, W. J., Godwin, J. L. (1997). «Thought self-leadership: A self-regulatory approach to diversity manage-ment». Journal of Managerial Psychology, 12, pp. 190–203.

72. Neck, C. P. , Stewart, G., Manz, C. C. (1995). «Thought self-leadership as a framework for enhancing the performance of performance appraisers». Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 31, pp. 278–302.

73. O’Reilly, C. A. III, Chatman, J., Caldwell, D. F. (1991). «People and organizational culture: A profile comparison approach to assessing person-organization fit». Academy of Management Journal, 34, pp. 487–516.

74. Richardson, B., Stone, G. L. (1981). «Ef-fects of a cognitive adjunct procedure ноябрь №4/04[2004] within a microcounseling situation». Journal of Counseling Psychology, 26, pp. 168–175.

75. Rimm, D. C., Litvak, S. E. (1969). «Self-verbalization and emotional arousal». Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 75, pp. 181–187.

76. Ronen, J., Livingstone, J. L. (1975). «An expectancy theory approach to the motivational impact of budgets». Accounting Review, 50, pp. 671–685.

77. Rousseau, D. M. (1997). «Organizational behavior in the new organizational era». Annual Review of Psychology, 48, pp. 515–546.

78. Scandura, T. A., Schriesheim, C. A. (1994). «Leader-member exchange and supervisor career mentoring as complementary constructs in leadership research». Academy of Management Journal, 37, pp. 1588–1602.

79. Schill, T. , Monroe, S., Evans, R., Rama-naiah, N. (1978). «The effects of self-verbalizations on performance: Test of the rational-emotive position». Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, pp. 2–7.

80. Schwartz, H., Davis, S. (1981). Matching corporate culture and business strategy. Organizational Dynamics, 10, pp. 30–48.

81. Shockley-Zalabak, P. , Morley, D. D. (1989). «Adhering to organizational cul-ture». Group and Organization Studies, 14, pp. 483–500.

82. Smircich, L. (1983). Concepts of culture and organizational analysis. Administrative Science Quarterly, 28, pp. 339–359.

83. Stedry, A. C., Kay, E. (1966). «The effects of goal difficulty on performance: A field ex-periment». Behavioral Science, 11, pp. 459–470.

84. Steers, R. M. (1975). «Task-goal attributes in achievement and supervisory perform-ance». Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 13, 392–403.

85. Steffy, R. A., Meichenbaum, D., Best, J. A. (1970). «Aversive and cognitive factors in the modification of smoking behavior». Behavioral Research and Therapy , 8 , pp. 115–125.

86. Stevens, C. K., Bavetta, A. G., Gist, M. E. (1993). «Gender difference in the acquisition of salary negotiation skills: The role of goals, self-efficacy, and perceived control». Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, pp. 723–735.

87. Swanson, H. L., Kozleski, E. B. (1985). «Self-talk and handicapped children’s academic needs: Applications of cognitive behavior modification». Techniques: A Journal for Remedial Education and Counseling, 1, pp. 367–379.

88. Thoresen, C. E., Mahaoney, M. J. (1974). Behavioral self-control. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

89. Tiller, M. G. (1983). «The dissonance model of participative budgeting: An empirical exploration». Journal of Accounting Research, 21, pp. 581–595.

90. Turner, P. E., Kohl, R. M., Morris, L. W. (1982). «Individual differences in skilled performance following imagery of bilateral skill». Perceptual and Motor Skills, 55, pp. 771–780.

91. Velten, E. (1968). «A laboratory task for induction of mood states». Behavioral Research and Therapy, 6, pp. 473–482.

92. Vroom, V. H. (1960). Some personality determinants of the effects of participation. New York: Prentice-Hall.

93. Vroom, V. H., Jago, A. G. (1988). The new leadership: Managing participation in organizations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

94. Vroom, V. H., Yetton, P. W. (1973). Leadership and decision-making. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh.

95. Waller, W. S. (1988). «Slack in participative budgeting: The joint effect of a truth-inducing pay scheme and risk preferences». Accounting, Organizations and Society, 13, pp. 87–98.

96. Yukl, G. A. (1989). Leadership in organizations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

97. Yukl, G. A., Latham, G. P. (1978). «Interrela-tionships among employee participation, individual differences, goal difficulty, goal acceptance, goal instrumentality and performance». Personnel Psychology, 31, pp. 305–323. Human Resource Management Review, 13. 2003

Нек Кристофер П.

Отделение менеджмента Политехнического института и Университета штата Вирджиния, Блэксбург, США.

Нури Хуссейн

Школа бизнеса, Колледж Нью-Джерси, США.

Гудвин Джефри

Отделение Бизнеса и Экономики, Уеслианский Колледж Западной Вирджинии, Бэкханнон, США.