Юмор в организации
Исопескуль О.Ю.

Аннотация

В статье представлены подходы различных исследователей к интерпретации юмора, предложена авторская классификация стилей организационного юмора, обосновано их соответствие типам организационной культуры.

Содержание

Дуалистичность юмора

Стили организационного юмора

Рис. 1. Применение различных стилей юмора для достижения организационных результатов

Инициаторы и аудитория организационного юмора

Юмор и организационная культура

Рис. 2. Доминирующие стили юмора в культуре власти

Рис. 3. Доминирующие стили юмора в культурах роли, задачи и личности

Литература

Ключевые слова: юмор, стили организационного юмора, организационная культура
Журнал: «Управление корпоративной культурой» — №4, 2014 (© Издательский дом Гребенников)
Объем в страницах: 11.
Кол-во знаков: около 20,673.

1. Криштафович И.А. Теория юмора. — Подробнее .

2. Сергеев А.А., Макарова Л.С., Одинцова Л.А. Исследование чувства юмора как элемента неформальной коммуникации // Вестник Вол-гоградского университета. Серия 11 «Естественные науки». — 2012. — №2(4). — С. 73–77.

3. Abel M.H. (2002). «Humor, stress, and coping strategies». Humor, No. 15, рр. 365–381.

4. Ackroyd S., Thompson P. (1999). Organizational Misbehaviour. London; Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, р. 103.

5. Avolio B.J. et al. (1999). «A funny thing happened on the way to the bottom line: humor as a moderator of leadership style effects». Academy of Management Journal, No. 42(2), рр. 219–227.

6. Barsoux J. (1993). Fanny Business: Humour, Management and Business Culture. London: Casell.

7. Barsoux J. (1996). «Why organizations need humor». European Management Journal, No. 14(5), рр. 500–508.

8. Bowers R., Smith P.S. (2004). «Wit, humor and Elizabethan coping». Humor. International Journal of Humor Research, No. 17(3), рр. 181–218.

9. Brotherton P. (1996). «The company that plays together». HR Magazine, No. 44(12), рр. 76–82. 10. Cantor J. (1976). «What is funny to whom? The role of gender». Journal of Communication, No. 26, рр. 164–172.

11. Caudron S. (1992). «Humor is healthy in the workplace». Personnel Journal, No. 71(6), рр. 63–67.

12. Chang M.J., Grunner C.R. (1981). «Audience reaction to self disparaging humor». The Southern Speech Communication Journal, No. 46(4), pp. 419–426.

13. Chapman A., Gadfield N. (1976). «Is sexual humor sexist?» Journal of Communication, No. 26, рр. 141–155.

14. Chapman A.J., Foot H.C. (1976). Humour and Laughter: Theory, Research and Applications. London: John Wiley & Son.

15. Clouse R.W., Spurgeon K.L. (1995). «Corporate analysis of humor». Psychology: a Quarterly Journal of Human Behavior, No. 32(3–4), рр. 1–24.

16. Cohen T. (1999). Philosophical Thought on Joking Matters. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

17. Coser R. (1959). «Some social functions of laughter: a study of humor in a hospital setting». Human Relations, No. 12 (Apr), рр. 171–182.

18. Critchley S. (2007). «Humour as practically enacted theory, or, why critics should tell more jokes». In: Westwood R., Rhodos C. (Eds). Humor, Work and Organization. London: Routledge.

19. Decker W.H. (1987). «Managerial humor and subordinate satisfaction». Social Behavior and Personality: аn International Journal, No. 15(2), рр. 221–224.

20. Decker W.H., Rotondo D.M. (2001). «Relationships among gender, type of humor, and perceived leader effectiveness». Journal of Managerial Issues, No. 13(4), рр. 450–465.

21. Douglas M. (1975). Implicit Meanings: Selected Essay in Anthropology. London: Routledge.

22. Duncan J.W. et al. (1990). «Humor and work: applications of joking behavior to management». Journal of Management, No. 16(2), рр. 255–278.

23. Dwyer T. (1991). «Humor, power, and change in organizations». Human Relations, No. 44(1), рр. 1–19.

24. Fine G.A. (1977). «Humor in situ: the role of humor in small group culture». In: Chapman A.J., Foot H.C. (Eds). It’s a Funny Thing, Humor. New York: Pergamon.

25. Fine G.A. (1976). «Obscene joking across cultures». Journal of Communication, No. 26, рр. 134–140.

26. Fry W. (1963). Sweet Madness. Palo Alto, CA: Pacific Books.

27. Goffman E. (1961). Encounters. Indianapolis: Bobbs Merrill Company, Inc.

28. Goldstein J. (1976). «Theoretical notes on humor». Journal of Communication, No. 26, рр. 104–112.

29. Grojahn M. (1957). Beyond Laugher. New York: McCraw Hill.

30. Grugulis I. (2002). «Nothing serious? Candidates’ use of humour in management training». Human Relations, No. 55(4), рр. 387–406.

31. Henman L.D. (2001). «Humor as a coping mechanism: lessons from POWs». Humor, No. 14(1), рр. 55–82.

32. Holmes J., Marra M. (2002). «Over the edge? Subversive humor between colleagues and friends». Humor, No. 15(1), рр. 65–87.

33. Hudson K.M. (2001). «Transforming a conservative company one laugh at a time». Harvard Business Review, No. 79(7), рр. 45–53.

34. Humke C., Schaefer C.E. (1996). «Sense of humor and creativity». Perpetual and Motor Skills, No. 82, рр. 544–546.

35. Isen A.M. et al. (1987). «Positive affect facilitates creative problem solving». Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, No. 52(6), рр. 1122–1131.

36. Janes L.M., Olsen J.M. (2000). «Jeer pressure: the behavioral effects of observing ridicule of others». Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, No. 26(4), рр. 474–485.

37. La Fave L., Mannell R. (1976). «Does ethnic humor serve prejudice». Journal of Communication, No. 26, рр. 116–123.

38. Levine J. (1976). «The feminine routine». Journal of Communication, No. 26, рр. 173–175.

39. Linstead S. (1985). «Jokers wild: the importance of humor in the maintenance of organizational culture». Sociological Revew, No. 13(3), рр. 741–767.

40. Lynch O.H. (2002). «Humorous communication finding a place for humor in communication research». International Communication Association, November, рр. 423–445.

41. Malone P.B. (1980). «Humor: a double edged tool for today’s managers?» Academy of Management Review, No. 5(3), рр. 357–360.

42. Martin R.A. et al. (1993). «Humor, coping with stress, self concept, and psychological well being». Humor, No. 6(4), рр. 89–104.

43. Martin R.A. et al. (2003). «Individual differences in uses of humor and their relation to psychological well being: development of the humor styles questionnaire». Journal of Research in Personality, No. 37(1), рр. 48–75.

44. Martineau W.H. (1972). «A model of the social functions of humor». In: Goldstein J., McGhee P. (Eds). The Psychology of Humor. New York: Academic Press.

45. Meyer J.C. (1998). «Humor as communication’s unifying and dividing tool». Paper Presented at the Southern States Communication Association Annual Convention. San Antonio, TX, April.

46. Meyer J.C. (1997). «Humor in member narratives: uniting and dividing at work». Western Journal of Communication, No. 61(2), рр. 188–208.

47. Morreall J. (1983). Taking Laughter Seriously. State University of New York. Albany. NY.

48. Murdock M.C., Ganim R.M. (1993). «Creativity and humor: integration and incongruity». Journal of Creative Behavior, No. 27(1), рр. 57–70.

49. O’Quin K., Derks P. (1997). «Humor and creativity: a review of the empirical literature». In: Runco M.A. (Ed.). The Creativity Research Handbook, Vol. 1, Hampton Press, Cresskill, NJ.

50. Oldany J. (1988). «Is the pope catholic? A content analysis of American jokelore about the catholics’ clergy». In: Powel C., Paton G. (Eds). Humor is Society: Resistance and Control. New York: St. Martin’s Press, рр. 67–84.

51. Ott J.S. (1989). The Organizational Culture Perspective. Chicago, Dorsey Press, Chicago, IL.

52. Palmer J. (1994). Taking Humor Seriously. London: Routledge. 53. Plester B.A. (2007). Laugh out Loud: How Organizational Culture Influences Workplace Humor. A Thesis Personated in Partial Fulfillment for the Degree of PhD in Management. At Massey University, Albany, New Zealand.

54. Provine R.R. (2001). Laughter. A Scientific Investigation. New York: Penguin Books.

55. Rapp A. (1951). The Origin of Wit and Humor. New York: Dutton.

56. Raskin V. (1985). Semantic Mechanisms of Humor. Dordrecht: D Reidel.

57. Robinson D.T., Smith-Lovin L. (2001). «Getting a laugh: gender, status, and humor in task discussions». Social Forces, No. 80(1), рр. 123–158.

58. Romero E.J., Cruthirds K.W. (2006). «The use of humer in the workplace». Academy of Management Perspectives. May, рр. 58–69.

59. Smeltzer L.R., Leap T.L. (1988). «An analysis of individual reactions to potentially offensive jokes in work settings». Human Relations, No. 41(4), рр. 295–304.

60. Smith C.M., Powell L. (1988). «The use of disparaging humor by group leaders». The Southern Speech Communication Journal, No. 53 (Spring), рр. 279–292.

61. Smith R.E. et al. (1971). «Humor, anxiety, and task performance». Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, No. 19(2), рр. 243–246.

62. Ullian J. (1976). «Joking at work». Journal of Communication, No. 26, рр. 129–133.

63. Vaill P.B. (1989). «Lou Pondy and the organizational funny bone». Journal of Organizational Change Management, No. 2(2), рр. 22–25.

64. Westwood R. (2007). «Theory as joke. A hysterical perturbation». In: Westwood R., Rhodos C. (Eds). Humor, Work and Organization. London: Routledge, рр. 45–73.

65. Wilson C.P. (1979). Jokes. Form, Content, Use and Function. London: Academic Press.

66. Yovetich N.A. et al. (1990). «Benefits of humor in reduction of threat induced anxiety». Psychological Reports, No. 66(1), рр. 51–58.

67. Zillman D. (1983). «Disparagement humor». In: McGhee P.E., Goldstein J.H. (Eds). Handbook of Humor Research, Vol. 1, New York: Springer Verlag.

68. Zillman D., Cantor J.R. «A disposition theory of humour and mirth». In: Chapman A.J., Foot H.C. (Eds). Humour and Laughter: Theory, Research and Applications. London: Wiley, pp. 93–116.

69. Zillmann D., Stocking H. (1976). «Putdown humor». Journal of Communication, No. 26, рр. 154–163.

Исопескуль Ольга Юрьевна

Исопескуль Ольга Юрьевна
к. э. н.
доцент

Доцент кафедры стратегического менеджмента НИУ ВШЭ — Пермь.

г. Пермь

Другие статьи автора 8